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Relieving Condition Exceed Design Temperature

Equipment design temperature is usually determined based on the maximum temperature plus a certain margin. The margin could be different for each project, say 20F, 25 F or 30F. Conducting rigorous simulation for fire case, the temperature in each stage simulation is set higher than the previous stage by certain interval. Let say, using 10F in interval temperature will result in temperature about 30F higher than the operating temperature at third stage simulation. That is why; relieving temperature for fire case is very often higher than the design temperature. Whether or not increasing rating pipe is required?.

Useful HYSYS Short Cut

Hi my friend, in this posting, I just want to remind you several useful short cuts in HYSYS. Actually, It’s a simple material of training course for beginner. But, in fact, some engineers have forgotten it, although they have used HYSYS long time ago.
Got your HYSYS up and running? Just go to HELP/SHORT CUT KEY.
HYSYS provides many short cut, you can check it there.It very helpfull. Try it.

Rigorous Method for Fire Case

In previous article, I have explained that relieving load for fire case can be calculated as heat input divided by latent heat of vaporization. (W = Q/Hv). The heat input have been discussed before, see fire case –heat input rate. The latent heat of vaporization is rather difficult to be determined. During fire, liquid in the vessel will be vaporized, but the amount of vapor formed is not fixed, because the liquid composition is change overtime. In this article, I will explain you step by step the rigorous method for fire case

Fire Case - Heat Input Rate

Fire can cause overpressure of storage or vessel. Either liquid vaporization of wetted vessel or vapor expansion of unwetted vessel due to heat input will increase the pressure. Heat input rate of fire exposure is not calculable from standard of heat transfer fundamental. Fortunately, OSHA regulations specify standards which are to be followed for particular material in storage vessel and API also provides formulas for calculating heat input rate which are to be followed for particular condition of process vessel.

Reflux Failure Case

Reflux failure case is the major case of all tower or column. Reflux failure can be caused by the following:
- Power failure lead to reflux pump off
- Pump failure
- Control valve failure ( fail closed or stuck closed)
- Operator error etc

Tube Rupture Case

Tube rupture may be occurred for shell and tube heat exchanger type. Based on my experience, some design philosophy using 2/3 rule, and some other using 10/13 rule for the criteria of requirement PSV for tube rupture. Which one is correct? Should we apply 2/3 or 10/13 rule?

Blowdown PSV

I can't sleep again, till this midnight , almost 00.00 PM (or AM ? ), I just confuse what to do. I think it will better for me to do something useful. But what ? I don't get any idea. Until finally, I remember this blog.
My blog save my brain :D.

Gas Blowby Case

Gas Blowby is the discharge of gas from a process component through a liquid outlet. It can be caused;
- Failure of a liquid level control system.
- Or in advertent opening of the control valve by pass.

Block Outlet Case

My friend, regarding the overpressure protection system design, one of important responsibility for process engineer is determining the cause of overpressure. In this posting, we will discuss whether a kind of case is possible occurred.